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EfD, Environment for Development initiative

Visit the Environment for Development initiative website

For contact information, please see below


What is the Environment for Development initiative?

The EfD initiative identifies the environment as an important resource for development rather than a constraint. Our overall objective is to support poverty alleviation and sustainable development, through increased use of environmental economics in the policy making process. The EfD initiative is a capacity building program in environmental economics, focusing on research, policy advice and teaching in Central America, China, Ethiopia, Kenya, South Africa and Tanzania.

The EEU, Environmental Economics Unit, University of Gothenburg, has initiated the EfD initiative and acts as coordinator and secretariat. The initiative builds on 15 years of Sida-supported capacity building in environmental economics. It aims to tap the potential of environmental economics by supporting research, policy advice and teaching.

The EfD initiative has three pillars:


The main activity of the EfD initiative is international research collaboration on poverty-environment issues. Environmental economists  identify underlying problems, value the environmental impact and propose efficient solutions. We use policy instrument analysis, non-market valuation, behavioral and experimental economics as tools for research on management of natural resources, climate change and environmental policy.

Policy advice

EfD researchers focus on issues that are of real concern for policy making bodies.
We strive to integrate the environment into strategic policy processes and to meet demands of domestic institutions as well as international organizations. The EfD centres offer workshops, seminars, training of civil servants and publication of policy briefs and research reports.


Academic training is fundamental for domestic capacity building in environmental economics. The EfD initiative supports national graduate programs in environmental economics at all EfD Centers. With funds from Sida, the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, PhD candidates from developing countries are also trained in environmental economics at the Environmental Economics Unit, University of Gothenburg.

EfD Centers

There are six EfD Centers, hosted by universities or academic institutions in each respective country. For more information on each center, please contact the coordinators:

Central America:
Environment for Development Program for Central America
Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigacíon y Ensenanza (CATIE)
Dr. Francisco Alpízar, Coordinator
Email: falpizar@catie.ac.cr
Phone:  506 558 2215 /2624

Environmental Economics Program
Peking University
Professor Jintao Xu, Coordinator
Email: xujt@pku.edu.cn
Phone:  86 10 62767629

Environmental Economics Policy Forum for Ethiopia
Ethiopian Development Research Institute (EDRI/AAU)
Dr. Alemu Mekonnen, Coordinator
Email: alemu_m2004@yahoo.com
Phone: 251-11-5523564

Environment for Development Kenya
Kenya Institute for Public Policy Research and Analysis (KIPPRA), Nairobi University
Dr. Wilfred Nyangena, Coordinator
Email: wnyangena@kippra.or.ke
Phone: 254 20 316282

South Africa:
Environmental Policy Research Unit,
University of Cape Town
Dr. Mare Sarr, Coordinator
Email: mare.sarr@uct.ac.za
Phone: . 27 (0)21 650 2982

Environment for Development Tanzania
University of Dar es Salaam
Dr. Razack Lokina, Coordinator
Email: razack_lokina@yahoo.co.uk
Phone: 255 22 2410252

EfD Partners:

RFF, Resources for the Future, Washington DC, US, is an important partner of the EfD initiative. RFF´s research fellows will work closely with their counterparts and RFF´s

communications staff will help to disseminate the new centers' research products.
For more information please contact:

Senior Fellow Allen Blackman
Resources for the Future
Email: blackman@rff.org
Phone: 202 328 5073

Sida, Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, provides the funding for the EfD initiative.

EEU, Environmental Economics Unit, University of Gothenburg, Sweden, has initiated the EfD initiative and acts as coordinator and secretariat.

For more information please contact:

Associate Professor Gunnar Köhlin
Director of EfD Program, University of Gothenburg
Email: gunnar.kohlin@economics.gu.se
Phone: 46 31 786 4426

Professor Thomas Sterner
Environmental Economics Unit (EEU), University of Gothenburg
Email: thomas.sterner@economics.gu.se
Phone: 46 31 786 1377

Karin Backteman, Communications officer
Environmental Economics Unit (EEU), University of Gothenburg
Email: karin.backteman@economics.gu.se
Phone: 46 31 786 25 95




Page Manager: Karin Backteman|Last update: 3/8/2013

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